There are a large number of small communities and people in Africa suffering from serious water supply and sanitation problems. Small communities in rural and peri-urban areas are comprised of settlements having great potential to reuse water and use sanitation-derived products. However, these practices are not very widespread, since local capacity to adopt and operate this kind of system is limited.
CLARA: Water and sanitation for peri-urban and rural areas in Africa
“Developed an integrated planning tool for the management of water and sanitation.
CLARA’s main aim was to overcome these limitations by building up local capacity in the water and sanitation area. From a technological standpoint, existing low-cost technologies for decentralised water and sanitation systems were assessed and adapted to the local African setting.
On the basis of these technologies and the experiences gained from the FP6, ROSA and NETSSAF projects, a simple integrated planning tool for the management of water and sanitation was developed for small communities and peri-urban areas.
Key factors like operations and maintenance, as well as the potential for reuse were incorporated into this decision-making tool. The tool was tested and assessed in different geographic regions of Africa in order to include economic, cultural and social aspects.
– Strengthen local capacity to adopt, implement and operate water supplies and sanitation in small rural and peri-urban communities.
– Make a contribution to Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and to the African water sector’s adaptation to climate change.
– Improve the capacity of water supply and sanitation systems to provide appropriate water quality levels geared at the use of sanitation products and meeting user demand.
– Test and assess the integrated planning tool in different African regions to account for varying economic, cultural and social conditions.
– Assess and adapt existing low-cost and decentralised water supply and sanitation technologies to African conditions, placing the emphasis on reducing the risks associated to water use and the reuse of sanitary products.
– Develop a simple integrated planning tool for water supply and sanitation systems located in small communities and peri-urban areas that includes key factors for success: operation and maintenance, potential for reuse and adaptation to the local setting.
– Fieldwork to assess water supply and sanitation technologies geared at reuse in the target countries.
– Optimisation of ecological sanitation composting processes, struvite precipitation, water supplies to buildings, and operation and maintenance.
– Integrated planning tool to select suitable water supply and sanitation technologies adapted to the local settings of five countries: Morocco, Ethiopia, South Africa, Kenya and Burkina Faso.
– User manual in two languages (English and French).
Duration:1 March 2011 – 28 February 2014 (36 months)
Budget: €2,475,082.00 (EC funding: €1,989,826.00)