There are a large number of small communities and villages in Africa that suffer from severe water supply and sanitation problems. Small communities in rural and peri-urban areas are made up of settlements that underlie great potential for water reuse and the use of sanitation products. However, these practices are not widespread as the local capacity to adopt and operate this type of system is limited.
“Planning tool for integrated water and sanitation management.”
CLARA’s general objective was to overcome these limitations by strengthening local capacity in the water and sanitation sector. From a technological point of view, existing low-cost technologies for decentralized water and sanitation systems were evaluated and adapted to the local African context.
Based on these technologies and experiences from FP6, ROSA and NETSSAF projects, a simplified planning tool for integrated water and sanitation management for small communities and peri-urban areas was developed.
Key factors such as operation and maintenance, as well as reuse potential, were incorporated into this decision tool. The tool was tested and evaluated in different geographic regions of Africa to incorporate economic, cultural and social aspects.