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  • CLARA: Sanitation in peri-urban and rural areas of Africa

CLARA: Sanitation in peri-urban and rural areas of Africa

There are a large number of small communities and villages in Africa that suffer from severe water supply and sanitation problems. Small communities in rural and peri-urban areas are made up of settlements that underlie great potential for water reuse and the use of sanitation products. However, these practices are not widespread as the local capacity to adopt and operate this type of system is limited.

“Planning tool for integrated water and sanitation management.”

CLARA’s general objective was to overcome these limitations by strengthening local capacity in the water and sanitation sector. From a technological point of view, existing low-cost technologies for decentralized water and sanitation systems were evaluated and adapted to the local African context.

Based on these technologies and experiences from FP6, ROSA and NETSSAF projects, a simplified planning tool for integrated water and sanitation management for small communities and peri-urban areas was developed.

Key factors such as operation and maintenance, as well as reuse potential, were incorporated into this decision tool. The tool was tested and evaluated in different geographic regions of Africa to incorporate economic, cultural and social aspects.


  • Strengthening of local capacities to adopt, implement and operate water supply and sanitation in small communities in rural and peri-urban areas.
  • Assess and adapt existing low-cost decentralized water supply and sanitation technologies for African conditions with a focus on risk reduction in water use and reuse of sanitary products.
  • Improve the capacity of the water supply and sanitation systems to provide adequate water quality aimed at the reuse of sanitation products and user demand.
  • Contribute to the Millennium Goals (MDGs) and adaptation to climate change in the water sector in Africa.
  • Development of an integrated and simplified planning tool for supply and sanitation systems in small communities and peri-urban areas that incorporates the key factors for success: operation and maintenance, potential reuse, and adaptation to the local context.
  • Test and evaluate the integrated planning tool in different African regions to incorporate different economic, cultural and social boundary conditions.


  • Field research for the evaluation of reuse-oriented water supply and sanitation technologies in the target countries.
  • Optimization of composting processes in ecological sanitation, struvite precipitation, water supply in buildings and operation and maintenance.
  • Integrated planning tool for the selection of appropriate water supply and sanitation technologies adapted to the local context of 5 countries: Morocco, Ethiopia, South Africa, Kenya and Burkina Faso.
  • User manual in two languages ​​(English and French).

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Initial sheet:

Website: clara.boku.ac.at/

Status: Completed

Funding programme:  7th Framework Program

Contract nº:265676

Duration:March 1, 2011 – February 28, 2014 (36 months)

Budget: 2,475,082.00€ (financiación de la EC: 1,989,826.00€)